Sumatran Tiger

The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is a critically endangered subspecies of tiger native to the Indonesian island of Sumatra. 

Physical Characteristics: Sumatran tigers are the smallest surviving tiger subspecies, with males typically weighing between 100 to 140 kilograms (220 to 310 pounds) and females weighing between 75 to 110 kilograms (165 to 240 pounds). They have a distinctive coat pattern with narrow black stripes on an orange background. Sumatran tigers have a muscular build, powerful jaws, and sharp claws, which they use for hunting and climbing.

Habitat: Sumatran tigers inhabit a variety of forest habitats, including lowland rainforests, swamp forests, and montane forests. They are also found in peat swamp forests and secondary forests, although their preferred habitat is primary, intact forest with dense vegetation for cover and ample prey for hunting. Sumatran tigers require large home ranges to support their territorial and hunting needs.

Diet: Sumatran tigers are apex predators and primarily hunt large ungulates such as deer, wild boar, and tapirs. They are also known to prey on smaller animals such as monkeys, birds, and reptiles. Sumatran tigers are solitary hunters and rely on stealth, camouflage, and ambush techniques to catch their prey. They are capable of taking down animals larger than themselves and are known for their strength and agility.

Behaviour: Sumatran tigers are solitary animals, with adult males having large home ranges that overlap with the smaller ranges of several females. They communicate with each other through vocalizations such as roars, growls, and chuffs, as well as through scent marking and visual displays such as facial expressions and body postures. Sumatran tigers are crepuscular hunters, meaning they are most active during dawn and dusk when their prey is also active.

Reproduction: Breeding in Sumatran tigers can occur throughout the year, although peak breeding activity typically occurs during the dry season. Females give birth to litters of 1 to 4 cubs after a gestation period of around 3 to 4 months. Cubs are born blind and helpless and are cared for by their mother until they are old enough to accompany her on hunts. Cubs remain with their mother for around 2 to 2.5 years before becoming independent.

Conservation Status: Sumatran tigers are listed as Critically Endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, with populations declining due to habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict. Conservation efforts focus on protecting their remaining habitats, establishing wildlife corridors, enforcing anti-poaching laws, and promoting community-based conservation initiatives.

Overall, the Sumatran tiger is a magnificent and iconic species that is critically endangered and in urgent need of conservation action to ensure its survival for future generations. With its striking appearance, elusive nature, and important ecological role as a top predator, the Sumatran tiger holds a special place in the hearts and minds of people around the world.

Sumatran Tiger Gallery


Location - Zoo
Threat Status - Critically Endangered

Sumatran Tiger

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