Rothschild’s Giraffe

The Rothschild’s giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) is one of the nine recognized subspecies of giraffe, distinguished by its unique coat pattern and geographic distribution. 

Physical Characteristics: Rothschild’s giraffes are among the tallest land animals, with adult males reaching heights of up to 5.8 meters (19 feet) and females slightly smaller. They have long necks, elongated legs, and a distinctive coat pattern characterized by large, irregularly shaped brown patches outlined by creamy-white lines. Unlike some other giraffe subspecies, Rothschild’s giraffes lack spots below the knees, giving their legs a cleaner appearance.

Habitat: Rothschild’s giraffes are native to East Africa, specifically parts of Uganda, Kenya, and South Sudan. They inhabit a variety of habitats, including savannas, woodlands, and grasslands, where they feed on a diet of leaves, shoots, and twigs from trees and shrubs. They are typically found in areas with access to water sources such as rivers, streams, and watering holes.

Behavior: Rothschild’s giraffes are social animals that typically live in loose, fluid groups known as towers, consisting of individuals of varying ages and sexes. They communicate with each other through vocalizations such as low moans, bleats, and snorts, as well as through visual cues such as posturing, necking (gentle sparring), and licking. Giraffes are diurnal, meaning they are most active during the day, and spend much of their time foraging for food, socializing, and resting.

Reproduction: Breeding in Rothschild’s giraffes typically occurs throughout the year, with females giving birth to single calves after a gestation period of around 14 to 15 months. Calves are born with a height of around 1.8 meters (6 feet) and are capable of standing and walking shortly after birth. They are cared for and protected by their mother, as well as other members of the tower, and remain dependent on their mother’s milk for the first several months of life.

Conservation Status: Rothschild’s giraffes are listed as Endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, with populations declining due to habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict. Conservation efforts focus on protecting their remaining habitats, establishing wildlife corridors, managing human-giraffe interactions, and raising awareness about the importance of conserving these iconic and endangered animals.

Overall, Rothschild’s giraffes are magnificent and charismatic animals that play important roles in their ecosystems and human culture. With their towering height, graceful movements, and striking coat pattern, they have captivated the imagination of people around the world and are cherished as symbols of Africa’s rich biodiversity and natural heritage.

Rothschild’s Giraffe Gallery


Location - The Lost Kingdom, Zoo
Threat Status - Endangered


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