Dexter Cows

Dexter cattle are a small breed of cattle originating from Ireland. 

Physical Characteristics: Dexter cows are known for their small size, with cows typically standing between 36 to 42 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 600 to 800 pounds. Bulls are slightly larger, standing around 38 to 44 inches tall and weighing between 800 to 1,000 pounds. They have a compact, sturdy build with short legs and a broad chest. Dexter cattle come in three main colour variations: black, red, and dun, with variations in shading and markings.

Habitat: Dexter cattle were originally bred in Ireland for their ability to thrive on small farms with limited resources. They are hardy and adaptable animals that can tolerate a variety of climates and environmental conditions. Dexter cattle are now found in many countries around the world, where they are kept for their milk, meat, and as pets.

Diet: Dexter cattle are primarily grass-fed animals that graze on pasture for much of the year. They have efficient digestive systems that allow them to extract nutrients from roughage and fibrous plant material. In addition to grazing, they may be supplemented with hay, silage, and grain as needed, particularly during the winter months when fresh pasture is scarce.

Behaviour: Dexter cattle are known for their docile temperament and easy handling. They are gentle and friendly animals that are well-suited to small farms and homesteads. Dexter cows are typically good mothers, calving easily and caring for their calves attentively. They have a curious and sociable nature, often forming strong bonds with their human caregivers.

Uses: Dexter cattle are a multipurpose breed, valued for their milk, meat, and oxen for draft work. While their milk production is lower compared to larger dairy breeds, Dexter cows produce rich, creamy milk that is high in butterfat content, making it ideal for cheese and butter production. Dexter beef is known for its flavorful and well-marbled meat, which is prized by chefs and consumers alike.

Conservation Status: Dexter cattle are considered a rare breed in many countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom. Efforts to conserve and promote Dexter cattle focus on maintaining genetic diversity, increasing public awareness about the breed, and supporting small-scale farmers and breeders who raise Dexters.

Overall, Dexter cattle are charming and versatile animals that are well-suited to small-scale agriculture and homesteading. Their small size, docile temperament, and adaptability make them ideal for small farms and hobby farms, where they can provide milk, meat, and companionship to their owners.

Dexter Cows Gallery


Location - Zoo
Threat Status - Least Concerned


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